Sovereign Adonai

“But Abram said, “Sovereign Lord, what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?” Genesis 15:2 NIV

In this verse, Abram seeks God for His promise, and we could study how profound this request is:
*Seeking God to provide a legacy,
*Seeking God for the ‘child’ promise and all the different meanings of the symbol of a child (including Christ coming as a child), and
*Seeking God for the promised inheritance – The Kingdom of God.
This is way too good to breeze over (but not the point of this study).  So let’s take a quick moment to think about the specific promises God has made to us. You know the ones where you look up a verse and it confirms a prayer – or you seek a verse in order to pray.

One of my favorite promises right now is:
In Luke 15:17 were it says “When he came to his senses” in reference to the prodigals.  This does not say if he does. It doesn’t say maybe he will.  It is written that the prodigals will come to their senses! AMEN! What a beautiful promise!

But let’s take a second look at this verse, but this time let us just look at those first few words:

New International Version – “But Abram said, “Sovereign LORD”
English Standard Version – “But Abram said, “O Lord GOD”
King James Bible – “And Abram said, Lord GOD”
Contemporary English Version – “But Abram answered, “LORD All-Powerful”
GOD’S WORD Translation – “Abram asked, “Almighty LORD”
American Standard Version – “And Abram said, O Lord Jehovah”
Brenton Septuagint Translation – “And Abram said, Master and Lord”
World English Bible – “Abram said, “Lord Yahweh”

This is the first use of the Hebrew word Adonai in the Bible.  Why was this name of God used in this particular verse – and why is it used throughout the Hebrew text – what does this verse reveal about God?  Lots of questions.

First of all, did you notice how brazen the question in the verse was? “What will you give me?” BOLD! Sounds so self-entitled! But when you see He called out to Adonai, (and you know who Adonai is) you understand how humble a request this is.

Adonai! Lord! Master, owner, has sovereignty over us! To call God Adonai acknowledges His leadership over you. His ownership of you. 
(um, girl?!?! This is 2020 and ain’t no one gots no ownership over no one – K?)
OK – so this name for our almighty God requires submission on our part, deep submission.  Open up to understand this, because a well of gratitude for who God is will swell in you as you understand.
As a parent I understand this sense of ownership from an owner’s point of view – that is MY child! As a child, did I understand this respectful submission going from child to parent?  I did not.  (Modern life has lost respect, love, and God – therefore many Godly principals which we should easily relate to, we now have to research to understand – sadly) So we must understand it isn’t “Daddy” or “Abba” but it is Father with the great reverence, respect and His ownership.

“The Father has loved us so much that we are called children of God. And we really are his children.” 1 John 3:1a NCV
We really are children of the fearful, to be revered, holy Father! Wow! There is that swelling in my heart – worship Him – worship Adonai!

Therefore Adonai is a respectful understanding of a father over a child – but it is so much more.  It doesn’t have a nice clean translation from Hebrew to English. Adonai’s meaning is multifaceted with it all being combined to mean – Adonai (which is written in English as “Lord”).   

Here in Genesis, and most frequently throughout Isaiah, Adonai is accompanied by the word Jehovah which means LORD. Adonai Jehovah! Lord LORD! Sovereign master LORD!

I know this is a different kind of Bible study than I usually post. It is good to study the words and the meanings because then your Bible studies are biblically accurate back to the Hebrew and Greek. So, we shall continue down this rabbit hole..

The 10 commandments forbade man from taking the Lord’s name in vain. They understood the depths of His Holiness and had strong fear of the Lord. Therefore when writing out the Bible they used YHWH.   As the bible was written and rewritten many times eventually most substituted Adonai in the place of YHWH for fear of taking His name in vain.  It is amazing that no matter how many different translations and no matter how many times it was written and rewritten – the Bible remains the inspired word of God, His revelation to man of Himself and His plan of salvation – and it never changes!

Adonai then takes on a stronger level of holiness, fear, reverence and respect for Lordship, Ruler, Leader, Master, Owner, Sovereignty, and Even Father.

So, let’s think about a kingdom in some fairy-tale – There is a great and powerful king who is well loved.And you are the child of this king and let us say you are about 7 or 8 years old.  When daddy is in the garden, he rolls around and plays with you, teaches you and loves you – and that doesn’t ever change, however, when daddy is holding court… now you must call him ‘king’ and show him the same respect that all the people in the court show him.  He is the king.  But to you he is more than king – he is your king and he is your father = ADONAI.

If you are understanding, you must worshiping Him with me – from deep within.  Understanding the name of whom we serve – understanding our relationship – our ownership. 

“Adonai our Lord, how excellent is Your Name in all the earth, You who set Your splendor above the heavens!” Psalm 8:1-2 TLV
Lord, LORD – we worship you in all your splendor!

“I heard Adonai’s voice, saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?’ Then I said, ‘Here I am. Send me!’” Isaiah 6:8 CJB
Wow – It is our owner who asked. Our all-knowing Father who asked. If this Holy one (and I understand the depths of His Holiness and respect Him) asks anything – who am I to say no? Of course, send me!

“He will swallow up death forever. Adonai [YHWH] Adonai will wipe away the tears from every face, and He will remove from all the earth the disgrace His people suffer. For Adonai [YHWH] has spoken.” Isaiah 25:8 CJB
We see here where Adonai was used to replace YHWH. Other translations say “Lord, LORD” – we should always pay attention when the word “Lord” is repeated. Many times when repeated it is “YHWH Adonai”, “Adonai Elohim”, “Adonai Jehovah”, etc.

Also there are times where Adonai is used alone. But look what happens when we use His Name(s) correctly:

“22 Therefore, you are great, ADONAI, God; for there is no one like you, and there is no God besides you – everything we have heard confirms that. 23 Who can be compared with your people, with Isra’el? What other nation on earth did God set out to redeem and make into a people for himself? You made yourself a reputation by doing for your land things that even for you are great and terrifying, for the sake of your people whom you redeemed for yourself from Egypt and from other nations and from their gods. 24 You set up your people for yourself as your people forever; and you, ADONAI, became their God. 25 So now, ADONAI, God, establish forever the word you have spoken to your servant and his house; do what you have promised. 26 May your name be magnified forever, so that it will be said, ‘ADONAI-Tzva’ot is God over Isra’el, and the dynasty of your servant David will be set up in your presence.’ 27 You, ADONAI-Tzva’ot, God of Isra’el, have disclosed to your servant, ‘I will build you a house. ‘This is why your servant has the courage to pray this prayer to you. 28 Now, Adonai ELOHIM, you alone are God; your words are truth; and you have made this wonderful promise to your servant. 29 So may it please you to bless the family of your servant and thereby cause it to continue forever in your presence. For you, Adonai ELOHIM, have said it. May your servant’s family be blessed forever by your blessing.” 2 Samuel 7:22-29 CJB

Well, I am going to leave you thinking on that. It is so GOOD! The God given kind of good. Enjoy.

Maranatha ~ Come Lord Jesus!

~Grace be with you ~
~Thank you for reading ~ Be healthy and blessed ~
~ Pray for our nation ~ Pray Psalm 91 ~